Because of Who He Is
Luke 9:1-36

A. Why Should You Depend on Jesus?
1. Chapter 9 – This chapter is about following Jesus and the reasons why we should do so.
2. All the reasons can be summed up into one: Because of Who He Is!
3. This passage is about knowing who Jesus is because that is the key to following Him in your life – if you know Him, you will follow Him!
4. But just as critical is that we can only follow Him by depending on Him totally to do His work through us. We can do that because of who He is!

B. The Mission of the Twelve: Our mission is the same! (vv. 1-2)
1. Called to Jesus (v. 1)
a) given power
(1) Power is the ability to accomplish a task, and authority is the right to do it, and Jesus gave both to His Apostles.
b) given authority
(1) over demons
(2) over disease
2. Sent (v. 2)
a) to preach the Kingdom of God
b) to heal the sick
(1) Mark 16:15-18 – commission to the eleven after the resurrection
(2) Hebrews 2:1-4
1 Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it.
2 For since the message declared by angels proved to be reliable, and every transgression or disobedience received a just retribution,
3 how shall we escape if we neglect such a great salvation? It was declared at first by the Lord, and it was attested to us by those who heard,
4 while God also bore witness by signs and wonders and various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to his will.

C. Herod: a Picture of the World (vv. 7-9)
1. He heard but was perplexed
a) John the Baptist, Elijah, old prophets
b) Herod did not know who Jesus was!
2. He did ask the right question: “Who is this?”
3. He sought the right thing: to see Jesus
4. His motives were wrong: Luke 23:6-12 – Herod wanted to see Jesus do a sign!

I. Because He Tells Us To (vv. 3-6)
A. The Instructions for the Apostles
1. take nothing
a) It was not always this way – contrast with Luke 22:35-39
b) 35 And he said to them, “When I sent you out with no moneybag or knapsack or sandals, did you lack anything?” They said, “Nothing.” 36 He said to them, “But now let the one who has a moneybag take it, and likewise a knapsack. And let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you that this Scripture must be fulfilled in me: ‘And he was numbered with the transgressors.’ For what is written about me has its fulfillment.” 38 And they said, “Look, Lord, here are two swords.” And he said to them, “It is enough.”
2. where to stay
3. how to take rejection
4. They were obedient in all things and everywhere they went
a) This is the way we should respond to Jesus, too.
b) What would Jesus do through you if you were obedient to Him in all things wherever you went?

B. The Return of the Apostles (v. 10)
1. They told Him all that they had done
2. He took them aside privately to a deserted place so He could teach them more about Himself.

II. Because of What We Have Seen Him Do (vv. 11-17)
A. The Multitudes and the Lord’s Response
1. They followed Jesus and He met their needs
a) He received and welcomed them.
b) He spoke to them about the Kingdom of God.
c) He healed those who needed healing.

B. The Multitudes and the Disciples’ Response
1. Send them away
a) to the surrounding area for lodging and food
b) We are in a deserted place – they really wanted to be alone with Jesus! That is what they had gone there for and they were tired from their work for the Lord.
(1) Think of people who come to your door when you want to be alone.
(2) Think of people who call your home on the telephone when you want to be alone.
(3) Think of your own children who come to you when you want to sit in your chair and be alone!
c) Jesus meets their needs, too.
2. Jesus said to the disciples, “You give them something to eat.”
a) These people had another need: they were hungry. Jesus fed them because they were hungry.
b) When they responded only with what they could do, then Jesus showed them what He could do if they would only ask!
c) Jesus is teaching them who He is!
3. The Apostles’ Reply
a) This is all we have.
b) This is all we can do
(1) We can go buy food for all these people.
(2) They had their eyes on the crowd and themselves and not on Jesus.
(3) He had just taught them to depend totally on Him when He was not with them and He had provided all their needs.
(4) Now He was with them and they failed to see that He could provide all their needs, still.

C. The Lord’s Great Provision
1. It was a miracle! Recorded in all 4 gospels!
2. Make them sit down in groups of 50
a) Mark says groups of 100 and of 50 – 100 lines of 50 = 5000!
b) They obeyed – 1st step in seeing Jesus do a mighty work in your life is to do what He tells you to do!
3. What the Lord did:
a) He prayed
b) He broke the bread and the fish
c) He gave it to the disciples to set before the multitudes
(1) Our role is to receive from Him and to serve what He gives us to others!
(2) See John 6:26-40 for what this is a picture of – the bread is the Word of God and Jesus said, “I am the bread of life!”
(3) See Luke 11 parable for the man passing out bread – He had nothing to give and the Lord gave him bread for others and for himself. We are to be bread passers for the Lord!
4. The Result
a) they all ate
b) they were all filled
c) Each disciple had a whole basket of food left – see the picture of your own life with the Lord Jesus people!
d) Who received the greater blessing – those receiving the food or those giving it?
e) Who learned more about who Jesus is – those receiving the food or those giving it?

III. Because of Who We Say That He Is (vv. 18-27)
A. Two Questions
1. Jesus was alone praying –
a) Things are going to happen when you see this in the Bible!
b) It is the same way with us today – when we pray (or when Jesus prays), things are going to happen!
2. Who do the multitudes say that I am?
a) exactly the same answer that we saw Herod say earlier
b) Herod and his attitude are a picture of the lost world – those who will not respond to Jesus, even if they see Him face to face!
3. But, who do you say that I am?
a) Is there a difference in the answer to these two questions in your life?
b) If there is not, then why not?

B. What Is Your Response to Who You Say Jesus Is?
1. Jesus said He must suffer many things and be rejected and killed and raised on the third day.
a) What is your response to that?
2. Jesus laid down the stern requirements for discipleship. Jesus says that if you desire to come after Him, you must:
a) Deny yourself
(1) We must first say no to ourselves—not simply to pleasures or possessions, but to self
(2) This is hard to do and you cannot make a decision to do it for the rest of your life, you must do this daily!
b) Take up your cross daily
(1) In the Roman world, the cross was a symbol of suffering and death.
(2) Crucifixion was not mentioned in polite conversation, and the people would no more think of wearing crosses on their person than we would think of wearing gold or silver electric chairs.
(3) Yet Paul said – (Galatians 2:20) “I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.”
(4) Being a disciple of Jesus is a daily discipline: we follow Jesus a step at a time, a day at a time.
(a) A weary cleaning woman said to a friend, “The trouble with life is that it’s so daily!”
(b) But she was wrong. One of the best things about life is that we can take it a day at a time.
(i) (Deuteronomy 33:25) Your sandals shall be iron and bronze; As your days, so shall your strength be.
(ii) God gives us the strength we need for each day!
c) Follow Him
(1) This means to be identified with Him in surrender, suffering, and sacrifice.
(2) You cannot crucify yourself; you can only yield your body and let God do the rest.
(3) Paul – (Romans 12:1-2) I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. 2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
3. Jesus says that if you desire to save your life, you will lose it, but if you lose your life for His sake, you will save it!
a) How do you want to live your life? For yourself or for Jesus?!
b) What will you take instead of taking Jesus into your life?
(1) Is it worth it? Jesus says what profit is it to gain the whole world and be destroyed yourself?
(2) We know people who give up everything the Lord has for them for:
(a) self gratification with a man or woman who is not the person God chose for them
(b) for their job, career
(c) for a car or house
(d) to play golf or watch a football game
c) Of those people, Jesus says they are ashamed of Me and My words and one day Jesus will be ashamed of them when they stand before the Father and His Holy angels with the brilliant glory of the Lord shining on them, uncovering their sin!
4. What is it you will take rather than have the glory of the Lord in your life? People, nothing on this earth is worth losing what God has planned for you!
5. Truly, you can see and live in the Kingdom of God today, if you chose to deny yourself and take up your cross daily and follow Jesus.

IV. Because of What He Reveals to Us About Himself (vv. 28-32)
28 Now about eight days after these sayings he took with him Peter and John and James and went up on the mountain to pray. 29 And as he was praying, the appearance of his face was altered, and his clothing became dazzling white. 30 And behold, two men were talking with him, Moses and Elijah, 31 who appeared in glory and spoke of his departure, which he was about to accomplish at Jerusalem. 32 Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they became fully awake they saw his glory and the two men who stood with him.
A. Jesus is praying again!
1. As far as the Gospel record is concerned, the Transfiguration was the only occasion during Christ’s earthly ministry when He revealed the glory of His person.
2. Luke did not use the word transfigure but he described the same scene where Matthew and Mark used the word (Matt. 17:2; Mark 9:2).
3. The word means “a change in appearance that comes from within,” and it gives us the English word metamorphosis.
4. transfigured = metamorphous – changed from within to what He really is – His glory was revealed as He prayed!
5. Note that our Lord was once again praying – prayer is one of the keys to a transformed life.
a) Peter, James, and John had accompanied Jesus
(1) when He raised Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Luke 8:51ff), and
(2) they would accompany Him when He prayed in the Garden (Matt. 26:36-46).
b) These three occasions when Peter, James and John were alone with Jesus remind us of Philippians 3:10, “That I may know Him [the Transfiguration], and the power of His resurrection [raising the girl], and the fellowship of His sufferings [in the Garden].”

B. The Reasons
What were the reasons behind this event?
1. It was God’s seal of approval to Peter’s confession of faith that Jesus is the Son of God (John 1:14).
2. It was also the Father’s way of encouraging the Son as He began to make His way to Jerusalem.
a) The Father had spoken at the baptism (Luke 3:22) and would speak again during that final week of the Son’s earthly ministry (John 12:23-28).
b) Beyond the suffering of the cross would be the glory of the throne, a lesson that Peter emphasized in his first epistle (1 Peter 4:12-5:4).
3. Our Lord’s own words in Luke 9:27 indicate that the event was a demonstration (or illustration) of the promised kingdom of God.
a) This seems logical, for the disciples were confused about the kingdom because of Jesus’ words about the cross.
b) Jesus was reassuring them that the Old Testament prophecies would be fulfilled, but first He had to suffer before He could enter into His glory (note especially 2 Peter 1:12-21).
4. But there is also a practical lesson here, for we can have a spiritual “transfiguration” experience each day as we walk with the Lord.
a) Romans 12:1-2 and 2 Corinthians 3:18 tell us how.
b) As we surrender body, mind, and will, the Lord transforms us from within so that we are not conformed to the world.
c) As we behold Him in the Word (the mirror), we are “transfigured” by the Spirit “from glory to glory.”
d) The theological name for this experience is sanctification, the process by which we become more like the Lord Jesus Christ, which is the Father’s goal for each of His children (Rom. 8:19; 1 John 3:2).

C. The Speakers
1. This may well have been the greatest “Bible conference” ever held on earth!
2. Even apart from the great glory that was involved, here you certainly had the greatest speakers:
a) Moses, the Law;
b) Elijah, the Prophets; and
c) Jesus, who came to fulfill the Law and the Prophets.
d) God the Father!
3. You had the greatest topic: Jesus’ “decease” (the Greek is exodus) that He would accomplish at Jerusalem.
a) Moses had led Israel out of bondage to Egypt, and
b) Elijah had delivered them from bondage to false gods;
c) but Jesus would die to set a sinful world free from bondage to sin and death (Gal. 1:4; Col. 1:13; Heb. 2:14-15).
4. And, like all Bible conferences, while all of this was going on, the three privileged disciples were sleeping!
a) It is interesting that they would repeat this failure in the Garden.
b) What is it that we miss when we fall asleep while praying?!

V. Because of What God the Father Says About Him (vv. 33-36)
33 And as the men were parting from him, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good that we are here. Let us make three tents, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah”—not knowing what he said. 34 As he was saying these things, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud. 35 And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him!” 36 And when the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. And they kept silent and told no one in those days anything of what they had seen.
A. God the Father Tells Us
1. The Father interrupted Peter by bathing the scene in a cloud of glory (Ex. 13:21-22; 40:35, 38) and speaking out of the cloud.
a) Peter would one day be interrupted by the Son [Matt. 17:24-27]
b) and by the Spirit [Acts 10:44].
2. These words from heaven remind us of
a) Deuteronomy 18:15 “The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers—it is to him you shall listen”
b) Psalm 2:7 “I will tell of the decree: The LORD said to me, “You are my Son; today I have begotten you”
c) Isaiah 42:1 “Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the nations.”
3. When the cloud was gone, Elijah and Moses were also gone.
4. God had spoken – there is need for no other reason for us to depend on Jesus – God has said, “This is my beloved Son. Hear Him!”

B. God’s Word is Final
1. As wonderful as experiences are, they are not the basis for a commitment in your life as a Christian.
2. The only basis for commitment in your life is through the Word of God.
3. You see, brothers and sisters, experiences come and go, but the Word of God remains and is unchanged forever!
4. You can depend on God’s Word in your life.
5. Our memories of past experiences will fade, but God’s Word never changes.
6. The farther we get from these events, the less impact they make on our lives.
7. That was why the Father said, “Hear Him!” = listen and obey Him – and that is why Peter made this same emphasis on the Word in his report – that as long as he was in this body he would remind them of what Jesus had said. (2 Peter 1:12-21).
8. Our own personal “transfiguration” comes from inner renewal (Romans 12:1-2), and that comes from the Word.
a) 2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of the Lord.
9. Why should a believer depend on Jesus? Because of what God said about Him, “This is my Son, my Chosen One; listen to him!”!